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Full text of "University of North Carolina Prepatory School in Medicine"

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. 



PREPARATORY SCHOOL 



MEDICINE 




CHAPEL HILL, N. C: 
PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY. 

1897. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/universityofnort1897prep 



FACULTY. 

EDWIN ANDERSON ALDERMAN, D.C.L., President. 

RICHARD HENRY WHITEHEAD, M.D., Professor of Anatomy 
and Pathology, 

FRANCIS PRESTON VENABLE, Ph.D., Professor oj Chem- 
istry. 

JOSHUA WALKER GORE, C.E., Professor of Physics. 

HENRY Van PETERS WILSON, Ph.D., Professor of Biology. 

CHARLES STAPLES MANGUM, M.D., Professor of Physiology 
and Materia Medica. 

CHARLES BASKELiVILLE. Ph.D., Assistant Professor of 
Chemistry. 

Foundation. The object of the Medical School is to 
furnish thorough instruction in the elementary branches 
of medical science. It is well known that man}' of our 
best medical colleges are literally overrun by students. 
Modern medical requirements demand a practical knowl- 
edge of many subjects which can be obtained only by 
laboratory work, and the problem of furnishing this to 
large classes is one of the most vexing with which medi- 
cal colleges have to contend. The very size of their 
classes constitutes an obstacle to proper instruction 
which is, at best, only imperfectly overcome. For ex- 
ample, it is impossible to te;ich anatomy under the pres- 
ent system to large classes; for nobody sees what the 
lecturer is demonstrating. In the dissecting hall, the 
students work almost unassisted, and few students are 
capable of learning the subject without assistance. 
Hence the demand for quiz-masters and quiz-compends. 
The records of our State Examining Board show that 



it is in just these elementary studies that candidates for 
license are most deficient. A school, therefore, which 
should overcome this deficiency for North Carolina stu- 
dents would have decided reason for its existence. The 
establishment of a degree-conferring school, on the other 
hand, was deemed unwise and impracticable, for practical 
knowledge is certainly as important in the higher as in 
the lower branches, and the necessary clinical advantages 
cannot be had outside of large cities. It was the inten- 
tion of the University to make a thoroughly good prepara- 
tory medical school, and it claims all the advantages 
derived from small classes, good equipment, and compe- 
tent instructors. It believes that the wisdom of this 
course is justified by the large number of its students 
who, in the few years of its existence have taken high 
standing at other colleges, and before hospital com- 
mittees and examining boards. The school has received 
the sanction of the State Medical Society, and a number 
of the most eminent practitioners of the State have shown 
their approval of its course by sending- their sons to it. 
The school is preparatory only in the sense that it con- 
fines itselr entirely to the fundamental branches of med- 
icine, its courses being credited by many of the diploma- 
granting colleges. 

Other advantages are the comparatively small cost of 
tuition, board, etc., and its connection with the Uni- 
versity, all of whose privileges are open to medical stu- 
dents, who are also subject to the same rules of disci- 
pline as their academic fellows. 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 

Course A. This is intended for those students who in- 
tend to devote four years to the study of medicine, and 
its successful completion admits to the third year of 
high grade colleges maintaining the four year curricu- 
lum. It extends over two sessions of nine months each, 
and includes the following studies: Chemistr} 7 , Phy- 
sics, Biology, Histology, Anatomy, Chemical Analysis, 
and Toxicology, Embryology, Physiology, Materia Med- 
ica, Pathology and Minor Surgery. 

Course B is for students who can give only three years 
to medical education. It lasts one session of nine 
months, and its completion admits to the second year of 
almost any of the diploma-granting colleges. The 
branches of study are Physics, Chemistry, Histology 
Anatomy, Physiology, and Materia Medica. 

ANATOMY. 

DK. WHITEHEAD. 

Useful and abiding knowledge of this subject can be 
gained only by thorough study of the human body. The 
student must see and verify for himself the truths of 
anatomy as they exist in nature. The method of in- 
struction is therefore one of demonstration rather than 
of lectures. In the first year the body is studied by sys- 
tems, first the bones, then muscles, etc., the class being 
divided into sections to facilitate the work. The stu- 
dent does much of the dissecting for himself, but the 
more difficult dissections are made for him by the in- 
structor. Frequent practical examinations are held upon 



which much stress is laid, in order to enforce proper 
studj' of the cadaver. In the second year the study 
proceeds by regions. The student does all the dissect- 
ing, but is still under the supervision of an instructor, 
wno examines him daily upon the work done, and indi- 
cates the bearing of anatomical facts upon surgical oper- 
ations. Any inclination on the student's part towards 
investigation will receive encouragement. A State la\ 
for procuring dead bodies furnishes the requisite ma- 
terial. 

PHYSICS. 

PROFESSOR GORE. 

An elementary course in general Physics, given by 
text-book and class room experiments. The subjects of 
Mechanics, Heat,Sound, Electricity, Magnetism and Light 
ar e considered and the general facts and laws of these 
branches of the subject studied. The fundamental doc- 
trines of the conservation and transformation of energy 
are emphasized. Special attention is given to the parts 
of the subject more directly connected with the study of 
medicine. 

CHEMISTRY. 

PROFESSOR VENABLE AND ASS'T PROFESSOR BASKERVILLE. 

The course in Chemistry includes General or Descrip- 
tive Chemistry, Qualitative Analysis, Toxicology, and 
Urinary Analysis. 

1. Descriptive Chemistry. Three lectures a week 
through both terms. 



The elements and their compounds are described, and 
the theories of chemistry are studied so far as is neces- 
sary for securing a fundamental knowledge of the 
science. 

2. Qualitative Analysis. Two afternoons a week for 
the Fall term. 

3. Toxicology and Urinary Analysis. Two after- 
noons a week of the Spring term. 

In the first term the application of the ordinary tests 
for bases, acids and compounds is learned. This is fol- 
lowed after Christmas by a study of the poisons, their 
action, antidotes and detection. Later in the Spring 
the qualitative and quantitative anatysis of urine is 
studied. 

COURSES IN BIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR WILSON. 

In the biological courses some record of each day's 
work is kept by the student. This record consists chief- 
ly of sketches made directly from the dissections or the 
preparations under the microscope. The importance of 
making a figure (even a poor one) of the object under 
study, cannot be overestimated as an aid to observation. 

In addition to the usual written examinations, practi- 
cal examinations on the work done in the laboratory are 
held. These are found to be of the greatest service in 
keeping up the tone of the daily practical work. 

1. General Biology. Representative types of the great 
groups of animals are dissected and studied microscpi- 
cally. The forms range, on the one side, from the uni- 



8 

cellular plants to the flowering- plants, and on the other, 
from the unicellular animals to the vertebrates. The 
structure of the cell and nucleus, and the changes of the 
latter during division, are included in the course. In the 
lectures the forms to be studied are briefly described, 
their relations to other living things are pointed out, 
and the principles which they illustrate are explained. 
The fundamental facts concerning living things are 
thus learned directly from nature in such a way as to 
develop the power of accurate observation, skill in the 
handling of instruments, and method in the recording" 
of notes. 

2. Vertebrate Histology. The principal tissues and 
organs of the vertebrate body are here studied by the re- 
fined methods of modern microscopy. Whenever profit- 
able, the living 1 tissue is first examined. Both paraffin 
and celloidin sections are employed, the staining and 
mounting being done by each member of the class. 

3. Vertebrate Embryology. The main facts in the 
development of a vertebrate animal are here worked out 
by the student for himself, with the aid of explanatory 
lectures. A brief survey of the early stages of develop- 
ment, including fertilization, segmentation, and the for- 
mation of the germ-layers, is made on the eggs of the 
star-fish, amphibia, and teleosts. The origin and devel- 
ment of the typical vertebrate organs is then followed 
out in some detail on chick embryos. In addition, the 
foetal membranes of some mammalian embryo (rat, cat, 
pig) are examined. 

The embedding, section-cutting - , staining, mounting, 



are all done by the student. In this and the preceding- 
course a useful knowledge of microscopic technique is 
acquired. 

The value of these biological studies is very great 
both because of their direct bearing upon medical science 
and because of the technical skill acquired through 
them. 

PHYSIOLOGY. 

DR. MANGUM. 

Under this head is embraced the study of the functions 
of the various organs and tissues of the bod}\ Especial 
attention is paid to the nervous and digestive systems. 

MATERIA MEDICA. 

DR. MANGUM. 

This constitutes the study of the geographical and 
botomcal sources of drugs, their physiological and toxic 
effects, and, to a less extent, the indications for their 
rational use. Opportunities will be given the student to 
familiarize himself with many of the crude drugs and 
their preparations. 

PATHOLOGY. 

DK. WHITEHEAD. 

The work in this subject is largeh- of laboratory 
nature, and is divided as follows: 1. Bacteriology. The 
student learns by practical experience the methods of 
cultivating', staining and identifying the principal bac- 
teria, and their pathological significance is explained 



10 

by lectures and demonstrated by inoculation of animals. 
In this waj- during the last session the chief pathogenic 
bacteria were studied in pure culture on the various 
media, after which the methods of obtaining pure cul- 
tures from mixtures of bacteria were learned. The nec- 
essary manipulations are carried out by the students, who 
thus obtain a practical knowledge of the subject which 
can De gained in no other way. 

2. A short course in the methods of examining normal 
and pathological blood. 

3. Pathological Histology. Here the various changes 
which may be produced in the tissues as a result of 
disease are discussed in lectures and studied by means of 
the microscope. The laboratoi\y is especially well pro- 
vided with pathological material. Thus during the las; 
session each student stained, mounted, and studied over 
one hundred sections extending over almost the whole 
range of pathology. 

The sections become the property of the student, 
and are of much use afterwards. The laboratory con- 
tains a library of standard works. 

MINOR SURGERY. 
DR. MANGUM. 

The class practices the application of bandages and 
splints, and the modern methods of dressing wounds. 

EXPENSES. 

The fee for tuition is one hundred dollars a j'ear, one 
half payable at the beginning of each term, in Septem- 



11 

ber and in January. A medical student has no other fee 
to pay unless he occupy a University room. Board costs 
from six to thirteen dollars a month. 

THE WOOD SCHOLARSHIP. 

Mrs. Mary Sprunt Wood, of Wilmington, has founded, 
in memory of her late husband, Dr. T. F. Wood, an 
annual scholarship of the value of ninety dollars. 

THE HARRIS PRIZE. 

Mrs. T. W. Harris offers, in honor of the late Dr. T. 
W. Harris, a pocket-case of instruments to that student 
who shall make the best grade in anatomy. 

ADMISSION. 

Candidates for admission should present themselves to 
the Registrar on the second Wednesday in September, 
1897. 

TEXT BOOKS. 

Grey's Anatomy, Yeo's Physiology, Shaefer's Histolo- 
gy, Appleton's Physics, Parker's Biology, Marshall's 
Embryology, Abbott's Bacteriology, Green's Pathology. 



12 



MATRICULATES 1896 

Copple, T. M., 

Duguid, James A., 

Garren, R. H., 

Green, T. M., 

Green, W. S., 

Hart, E. R., 

Heathman, J. D„ 

Heilig, H. H., 

Herring, B. S., 

Joyner, C. C, 

Kirby, G. H., S.B. 1896, 

McPhail, L. D.. 

Mebane, W. N.. 

Mechling, H. E., 

Monk, H. L., 

Newby, G. E,, 

Nixon, E. J.. 

Nobles, J. E., 

O'Hagan, C. J. Jr., 

Pollock, Raymond, 

Price, W. D., 

Roberson, R. M., 

Russell, George, 

Smith. O. F., 

Thigpen, W. J., 

Venable, C. S., Jr., 

Weaver, W. J., Litt.B. 1895, 

Whitaker, Joel, 

Williams, Roy, 

Wimberley, J. P.. 

Winston, A. R.. 

Wright, J. B., 

Zachary, R. E., Ph.B. 1895, 



-'97. 

Hannersville. 
Newbern. 
Limestone. 
Wilmington. 
Pearidge. 
Penelo. 
Salisbury. 
Salsbury. 
Wilson. 
Greenville. 
Raleigh. 
Clinton. 
Madison. 

Spring-field, Mass. 
Newton Grove. 
Hertford. 
Creswell. 
Pactolus. 
Greenville. 
Kinston. 
Dixie. 
Pittsboro. 
Pranklinville. 
Way cross. 
Conetoe. 

Charlottesville, Va' 
Asheville. 
Raleigh. 
-Asheville. 
Battleboro. 
Franklinton. 
Coharie. 
Jephtha. 






"q^ji^" course: 

FOR APPLICANTS BEFORE 

£be nortfy Carolina State Boarb of ITIebtcal (Examiners. 



Daily questioning- on each of the four subjects, Anatomy, 
Physiology, Chemistry, Toxicology, and Materia Medica, for a 
period of at least four weeks, begins May 1st, 1897. 

Applicants for license before the Examining Board fully realize 
the absolute necessity for a thorough, and at the same time rapid, 
review of the primary subjects. Medical students during- the last 
year, or two years, of college life are too much occupied with 
the more advanced work to review the primary branches on 
which examining boards lay such stress. This "Quiz Class" is 
recommended to those who feel the need of such a review before 
making application for license. 

Charges for the four weeks, Twenty -five Dollars. 
Good table board may be had in Chapel Hill as low as seven 
dollars per month. 

For further information communicate with 

Chas. S. Mangum, M.D., or 
Chas. Baskekville, Ph.D., 

University of N. C, 

Chapel Hill, N. C 

References by permission : 
Geo Gillett Thomas, M.D., Pres. State Board of Health, Wilmington. 
W H Whitehead, M.D., Ex-Pres. State Board of Examiners, Rocky Mount. 
John Whitehead, M.D., Ex-Pres. N. C. Med. Soc. and Ex-Pres. Board of 

Examiners, Salisbury. . 

: R D Jewett, M.D., Editor of the N. C. Medical Journal, Wilmington. 
Richard H. Lewis, M.D., Sec'y of State Board of Health, Raleigh. 
L J. Picot, M.D., Ex-Sec'y Board of Examiners, Littleton. 
Geo W Long, M.D., Ex-Examiner in Chemistry, Graham. 
John F. Miller, M.D., Superintendent Eastern Hospital, Goldsboro. 
H..A. Royster, M.D., Raleigh. 
Jno. M. Manning, M.D., Durham. 
A. W. Knox, M.D., Raleigh. 
Henry T. Bahnson, M.D., Salem.